As any good coach would tell you, knowing the desired outcome guides the game plan. This approach can be very helpful for parents and teachers as well when helping children to learn. By starting with the goal in mind, the plan for learning can be charted by working backwards. Each step forward is assured because the plan was designed with the goal in mind from the very beginning. Applying backwards design involves the following steps:
Identify the desired goal
Establish the data necessary to achieve the goal
Plan the activities that will guide instruction
Determine the measurement process
Execute the plan
Whether the plan ensures a “win” for the team on the first try or it requires a new approach, with the goal in mind an ultimate victory can be achieved.